Hello Aspartans,

Why are we talking about focus areas so early? Coz, IAS Prelims is near, very near if you consider yourself a serious aspirant. In this article, I would like to focus on the areas which might fetch you some well-needed marks to reach that thin-red-line of cut off marks. As we expect, with lesser vacancies, cut off is bound to go full monty i.e. around 118-120. So what are these focus areas I’m bragging about? let’s do this in a pointwise manner-

1. Agriculture

  • Seeds
  • Soil erosion and techniques to reduce it
  • Farming techniques
  • Irrigation in India and its methods
  • Crops and crop diversification
  • Agroforestry
  • Agriculture and non-farm activities for employment
  • Schemes related to agriculture

2. Environment and Ecology

  • All the conventions related to environment, sustainable development and climate change
  • Pollution and its agents
  • climate change and its governance
  • UN bodies on environment and climate change

3. Art and culture

  • UNESCO world heritage sites (Very Important)
  • Mahabalipuram, Ajanta & Ellora, Khajuraho, Delhi architecture, Varah Temples in India, Chola and Vijayanagara architecture
  • Festivals and Fairs

4. Government schemes

  • Ministry of Finance
  • Ministry of HRD
  • Ministry of Rural Development
  • Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare
  • Ministry of Women and Child Development
  • Ministry of Health and Family Welfare


I can assure you, aforementioned topics will fetch you 20 marks if you prepared them well. This is my first hand experience from my neverending expedition of UPSC. One more thing, I have started a test series #PrelimsQuest where we will try to focus on these areas. You can join it here.